Autor: George Grove (Hg.)

Forte (1879)

FORTE, loud: an Italien word, usually abbreviated into f. A lesser degree of loudness is expressed by mf–mezzoforte; a greater one by più f and ff, and the greatest of all by fff–fortissimo, as...

Tuning-fork (1890)

TUNING-FORK (Fr. Diapason, Ital. Corista, Germ. Stimmgabel). This familiar and valuable pitch-carrier was invented by John Shore, Handel's famous Trumpeter. From a musical instrument it has become a philosophical one, chiefly from its great...

Zinke, Zincke (1890)

ZINKE or ZINCKE, also called Cornetto or Cornet à Bouquin (Fr.), is one of the oldest instruments known. It consists of a wooden tube, slightly conical, covered with leather, having six holes for the...

Triangle (1890)

TRIANGLE. […] It suits all keys, as besides the fundamental tone there are many subordinate ones, not harmonics. […] Rossini and his followers make frequent use of it, and Brahms has introduced it in...

Tambourin (1890)

TAMBOURIN. A long narrow drum used in Provence, beaten with a stick held in one hand, while the other hand plays on a pipe or flageolet with only three holes, called a galoubet. TAMBOURIN,...

Pitchpipe (1880)

Pitchpipe. A small stopped diapason pipe with long movable graduated stopper, blown by the mouth, and adjustable approximately to any note of the scale by pushing the stopper inwards or outwards. A pipe of...

Sotto voce (1883)

SOTTO VOCE, 'under the voice', in an undertone; a direction of frequent occurrence in vocal music, where its meaning is obvious. It is transferred however to instrumental music, where its meaning is less clear....